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The United Nations Population Fund recently publication  Many Faiths, Different Contexts - Experiences with Faith Based Organizations in the Asia and Pacific Region includes a piece on UNFPA and the Ministry of Health pragmatic approach to working with the Catholic Church in Timor-Leste to promote reproductive health and rights. In 2010 the MoH and UNFPA approached the Catholic diocese to elicit their support on the national family planning programme, recognising that religious leaders offer guidance on health-related matters which can encourage healthy behaviours among their followers. Although the Catholic Church is typically seen as stringently opposed to modernl methods of contraception, the Church in Timor-Leste has taken a more nuanced approach.

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Now more than ever, we must ensure that the marginalized, the forgotten—the ones often left behind—can exercise their fundamental human right to decide, free of coercion, discrimination and violence, when or how often to have children.

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is proud to have enabled millions of women of childbearing age to exercise that right and to have helped to nearly double modern contraceptive use worldwide from 36 per cent in 1970 to 64 per cent in 2016.

This annual report shows how funds entrusted to UNFPA have enabled us to protect and promote the health and rights of millions of women and young people and enable them to realize their full potential.

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With 19% of girls married before 18 and 24% already with a child by the time they turn 20, the Secretariat of State for Youth and Sports, UNFPA and Plan International decided to investigate the decision-making pathways and experiences that lead to teenage pregnancy and early marriage in Timor-Leste.

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At 10, she may be denied any say in decisions about her life. At 10, her future is no longer hers. It is determined by others. Impeding a girl’s safe, healthy path through adolescence to a productive and autonomous adulthood is a violation of her rights. But it also takes a toll on her community and nation. Whenever a girl’s potential goes unrealized, we all lose.

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Timor- Leste is a post - conflict state that has recently emerged as a lower middle - income country. economy is one of the most heavily petroleum dependent in the world. It has $15 billion in oil wealth. However, nearly 50 per cent of the population lives in poverty and the oil reserves are finite and may be depleted by 2024. The productive GDP (agriculture and manufacturing) is only $247.  In 2014, Timor - Leste had an estimated population of 1.2 million and an annual population growth rate of 2.7 percent. The country is experiencing a youth bulge, with 32 per cent of its population between th e ages of 10 and 24. The majority of the population (70%) lives in rural areas and experiences disparities in access to public facilities and other available infrastructure.
 
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Forsa hosi billiaun 1.8: adolexentes, joven sira no transformasaun ba futuru

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The authors thank Eva Weissman, independent consultant, for her contributions specifying inputs for interventions, evaluating and compiling direct cost data, and assessing existing data on indirect costs. They also acknowledge the following Guttmacher colleagues: Suzette Audam, for data processing; Alyssa Browne, for research assistance; and Akinrinola Bankole, Sneha Barot, Heather Boonstra, Susan Cohen, Chelsea Polis, Gustavo Suarez, Cynthia Summers, Michael Vlassoff and Jonathan Wittenberg, for providing input and reviewing drafts.
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The report, entitled ‘Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific' was conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea. It explores the prevalence of men's use of violence against women in the survey sites, and shows what factors make men more or less likely to use violence. The report also makes important recommendations about what we can do to prevent violence against women.

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Violence against women within intimate relationships is a serious problem in Timor-Leste. Timorese human rights organizations have stated on a number of occasions that the payment of bride-price (barlake), leads to women being treated as property, and encourages domestic violence.This study investigates whether there is a causal link between barlake and domestic violence and examines if there is a difference between women from matrilineal and patrilineal clans in their experiences of domestic violence.

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While Timor-Leste is believed to be on the right track in achieving many of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) , as well as achieving national development targets, the country still
faces enormous development , socio - cultural, and demographic challenges. The magnitude of these challenges creates drivers and vulnerabilities in the context of HIV infection . Two - thirds of the country’s population is below the age of 30, which means that relatively large numbers of people are sexually active and susceptible to risk - taking behavior. Y oung people are not sufficientlyequipped with the knowledge and life skills toreduceHIV risk in an increasingly  challenging environment. Timor- Leste is reported to have high levels of gender - based violence, undermining women’s ability to negotiate safer sex and making them more vulnerable to HIV and AIDS.
In addition, the increasing mobility and migration of the p opulation into and out of the country via tourism, overseas studies, and employment increases people’s vulnerability. HIV affects people at every level , yet stigma , misunderstanding and misconceptions still exist.
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