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With 19% of girls married before 18 and 24% already with a child by the time they turn 20, the Secretariat of State for Youth and Sports, UNFPA and Plan International decided to investigate the decision-making pathways and experiences that lead to teenage pregnancy and early marriage in Timor-Leste.

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At 10, she may be denied any say in decisions about her life. At 10, her future is no longer hers. It is determined by others. Impeding a girl’s safe, healthy path through adolescence to a productive and autonomous adulthood is a violation of her rights. But it also takes a toll on her community and nation. Whenever a girl’s potential goes unrealized, we all lose.

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The National Youth Policy (NYP) for Timor-Leste is a  guiding document for the Government  and development  partners  alike to  support youth development in Timor-Leste.
The National Youth Policy (NYP) was developed taking into consideration national norms an legislations derived  from  the  Constitution  of  the  Republic  of  Timor-Leste.  It  also  recognizes  and considers international norms and conventions that promote, stimulates and act as catalysts to accelerate the development of the youth sector in Timor-Leste.

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Timor- Leste is a post - conflict state that has recently emerged as a lower middle - income country. economy is one of the most heavily petroleum dependent in the world. It has $15 billion in oil wealth. However, nearly 50 per cent of the population lives in poverty and the oil reserves are finite and may be depleted by 2024. The productive GDP (agriculture and manufacturing) is only $247.  In 2014, Timor - Leste had an estimated population of 1.2 million and an annual population growth rate of 2.7 percent. The country is experiencing a youth bulge, with 32 per cent of its population between th e ages of 10 and 24. The majority of the population (70%) lives in rural areas and experiences disparities in access to public facilities and other available infrastructure.
 
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The authors thank Eva Weissman, independent consultant, for her contributions specifying inputs for interventions, evaluating and compiling direct cost data, and assessing existing data on indirect costs. They also acknowledge the following Guttmacher colleagues: Suzette Audam, for data processing; Alyssa Browne, for research assistance; and Akinrinola Bankole, Sneha Barot, Heather Boonstra, Susan Cohen, Chelsea Polis, Gustavo Suarez, Cynthia Summers, Michael Vlassoff and Jonathan Wittenberg, for providing input and reviewing drafts.
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Forsa hosi billiaun 1.8: adolexentes, joven sira no transformasaun ba futuru

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The report, entitled ‘Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific' was conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea. It explores the prevalence of men's use of violence against women in the survey sites, and shows what factors make men more or less likely to use violence. The report also makes important recommendations about what we can do to prevent violence against women.

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Violence against women within intimate relationships is a serious problem in Timor-Leste. Timorese human rights organizations have stated on a number of occasions that the payment of bride-price (barlake), leads to women being treated as property, and encourages domestic violence.This study investigates whether there is a causal link between barlake and domestic violence and examines if there is a difference between women from matrilineal and patrilineal clans in their experiences of domestic violence.

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While Timor-Leste is believed to be on the right track in achieving many of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) , as well as achieving national development targets, the country still
faces enormous development , socio - cultural, and demographic challenges. The magnitude of these challenges creates drivers and vulnerabilities in the context of HIV infection . Two - thirds of the country’s population is below the age of 30, which means that relatively large numbers of people are sexually active and susceptible to risk - taking behavior. Y oung people are not sufficientlyequipped with the knowledge and life skills toreduceHIV risk in an increasingly  challenging environment. Timor- Leste is reported to have high levels of gender - based violence, undermining women’s ability to negotiate safer sex and making them more vulnerable to HIV and AIDS.
In addition, the increasing mobility and migration of the p opulation into and out of the country via tourism, overseas studies, and employment increases people’s vulnerability. HIV affects people at every level , yet stigma , misunderstanding and misconceptions still exist.
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Fundasaun Alola is proud to have initiated this research project on an issue of fundamental importance and relevance to the lives of women and their families in Timor-Leste. My special thanks go to Suzanne Belton and the other authors for agreeing to take on the challenge of headingup this project and for bringing to their work a wealth of experience of researching maternal and reproductive health in other countries in the region. UNFPA’s support of th is project is also greatly appreciated.
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